AL NAHDA – The Lebanese Renaissance 1840-1880
The series of reforms Tanzimat issued by the Ottomans between 1839 and 1876, the construction of the new wharf and the Beirut-Damascus Road, along with the population surge following the 1860 Lebanon conflict, made Beirut the unrivaled port city of the Levant. The mid-19th century also marked the beginning of Al-Nahda, or intellectual renaissance movement, that imported ideas from Europe and applied them to endeavors promoting progress, modernity and intellectual discourse in Lebanon and neighboring countries.