The Birth of Modernism and the French Mandate 1920-1943
In 1920, the Treaty of Sèvres marked the new boundaries of the Lebanese nation, based on the territories that were once the core of the Phoenician Bronze Age (Canaan) city-states. With the birth of modern politics and figures, artists such as Saliba Douaihy (1912-1994) pushed the boundaries of religious art toward Modernity, using varied techniques ranging from fresco to stained glass. The genre did not evolve much after that and, in fact, began to decline in favor of other subjects during the French Mandate period (1920-1943), which witnessed the advent of Impressionism in Lebanese art.
In 1937, the Lebanese Academy of Fine Arts (ALBA) was founded to cater to the burgeoning artistic discourse.