The Birth of Modernism and the French Mandate 1920-1943
In 1920, the Treaty of Sèvres marked the new boundaries of the Lebanese nation, based on the territories that were once the core of the Phoenician Bronze Age (Canaan) city-states. With the birth of modern politics and figures, artists such as Saliba Douaihy (1912-1994) pushed the boundaries of religious art toward Modernity. The French Mandate period (1920-1943), witnessed the advent of Impressionism and modernism in Lebanese art. In 1937, the Lebanese Academy of Fine Arts (ALBA) was founded catering to the burgeoning artistic discourse.